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This distinction is stronger in civil law nations, significantly those with a separate system of administrative courts; against this, the public-private law divide is less pronounced in frequent law jurisdictions. Law is a set of rules which are created and are enforceable by social or governmental institutions to manage behavior, with its exact definition a matter of longstanding debate. It has been variously described as a science and as the artwork of justice. State-enforced laws can be made by a gaggle legislature or by a single legislator, resulting in statutes; by the manager via decrees and regulations; or established by judges via precedent, normally in common law jurisdictions. Private people might create legally binding contracts, including arbitration agreements that undertake alternative ways of resolving disputes to straightforward court litigation. The creation of laws themselves could also be influenced by a constitution, written or tacit, and the rights encoded therein.

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